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The shofar is a ceremonial horn used in Jewish rites. Made from any number of kosher animals, shofar come in a number of sizes types and colours. They are often slightly flattened and both the mouthpiece and bell may be altered to make it sound better. Shofar are played using the fundamental and at least two overtones. Often the pitches are bent by slightly loosening and tightening the embouchure. As many shofar have small mouthpieces the side rather than the centre of the lip is used to sound the instrument. Shofar tend to be quite loud. There are a number of set sounds on the shofar depending on the ceremony or occasion.

Country: Israel
Region: Middle East
Type: horn

Shofar - Ceremonial horn
©  R. Raine-Reusch, May 2002